Hungary is located in the middle of Central Europe and borders six countries: Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Croatia, Yugoslavia and Austria. Rich in history and culture, as well as natural beauty, Hungary is a remarkable country to visit and combine with dental, surgical or cosmetic treatment. With a population of around 10 million and a central Europe climate of very hot summers and raw cold winters Hungary has plenty of natural beauty and a fascinating artistic, historical and cultural element after surviving many a heroic struggle against oppression. Nature lovers will delight in Hungary’s spectacular scenery; Lake Balaton, for example is Europe's largest freshwater lake, known as the Hungarian Sea and there are many other nature conservation areas to be explored. Just north of the capital is the Royal Danube Bend. This area around Europe's second longest river is full with enchanting castles, historical churches and medieval towns. To witness true Hungarian culture the southern plains is where to find it. The oldest Hungarian towns originated in the area and the country's folk customs and art are still evident.
Hungary was one of the Eastern European countries to enter the European Union in 2004 but the Euro hasn’t arrived just yet; the currency is the Hungarian Forint and the exchange rate is roughly 405 Ft to £1.
Hungary has a continental climate with warm summers and cold winters.
The official unit of currency in Hungary is the Forint (Ft). Notes come in denominations of Ft500, Ft1000, Ft2000, Ft5000 and Ft10000 and Ft20000. Coins used are Ft5, Ft10, Ft20, Ft50, Ft100 and Ft200.
The official language spoken is Magyar (Hungarian). German and English are widely spoken /understood also.
In restaurants a service charge isn’t or is rarely added to the bill and it is customary to add approximately 10% to the bill.
Electricity and plug converters:
Hungary is one hour ahead of GMT and 6 ahead of EST.
Newsagents /grocery stores, department stores and shops generally stay open between 9am-6pm Monday-Friday and until 8pm on Thursdays. On Saturdays they tend to close some time round 1pm-2pm.
- 1st January (New Year's Day)
- 15th March (1848 Revolution Day)
- Easter (varies annually)
- 1st May (Labour Day)
- Pentecost (varies annually)
- 20th August (St. Stephen's Day)
- 23rd October (Republic Day)
- 1st November (All Saints' Day)
- 25th and 26th December (Christmas).
It is good to note Hungary’s public holidays before travelling as banks and most shops close on these days.
The town of Mosonmagyarovar is situated at the crossing point of the rivers Mosoni-Danube and Lajta, at about 15 kilometres from the Austrian and Slovakian borders. It was already known in the Roman age as a watch-post along the limes. After the Conquest it was used as a reeve-site, later it became shire-town.
The motte of Moson was ruined by the soldiers of the Bohemian King Ottokar in 1271, after the Mongol Invasion the fort of Ovar was fortified.
In 1354 the town was honoured with the right of goods arrestation and town rights by King Lajos the Great. When the Turks marched against Vienna it was repeatedly desolated, while in 1809 the army of Napoleon occupied the town.
From 1529 it belonged to the Habsburg family and between 1763 and 1945 it was a private domain of the House of Habsburgs.
The main road of transportation for corn and animal carriage from the Hungarian Flatlands to Vienna led through the town. During the years, the town of Magyarovar developed into an industrial and trade centre of the region while Moson remained a significant village inhabited by merchants and husbandmen.
The two towns united in 1939 and together with the village of Lucsony that joined Magyarovar as early as 1905 they constitute the town of today with a population of 30,000 people.
The town's most important tourist attraction is its thermal water, which is acknowledged medicinal water and belongs to the five best quality ones in Europe according to its classification.